Wednesday, August 2, 2017

Blog trivia

If you are visiting this site for the first time, it is important to read this post. The intention of this blog is to present arguments in a pre-determined sequence. OLDER posts are actually NEWER posts within a month. As I keep adding new posts I change the time stamp to an earlier time so that you can read the posts in sequence. If you notice, all the posts within a month have the same date. Only the time stamp varies. Newer posts have earlier time to help you read in sequence.

If this site interests you and you want to read the earlier months (I would recommend starting from month 1 before reading month 2) start from the earliest month. I have ensured that within a month the posts are sequenced properly.



Tech Notes

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For those who read this blog regularly, please treat this as a little nuisance and continue reading.

Thanks

Ravi Natarajan

Violin based PolyCaRe arrangements in 201x – background scores

We will continue the journey on PolyCaRe arrangements of Raja, with his compositions based on violins as the background melody instrument. In this post, we will particularly focus on his background score compositions in the 201x. As we made it very clear in the definition, the PolyCaRe arrangement not only requires a background violin melody, it also requires at least two call and response melodies in the foreground played according to our rules of CaRe arrangements.

Let’s begin with the background score  from Sri Rama Rajyam  (Telugu 2011). This segment, has violins as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

BGM Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Sri Rama Rajyam
2011
Violins
Clarinet
Flute

  1. The violins play on the background and the heavy bass does suppress it a bit throughout the clip
  2. There are 4 CaRe arrangements between the clarinet and the flute in the 14 seconds of this clip with the violin and the bass filling the background

The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background violin/bass  melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 8 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background violin melody in these 14 seconds.

Let’s hear the PolyCaRe  arrangement in the BGM of the film Sri Rama Rajyam …



Let’s continue the journey with  the background score  from Nandalaala  (Tamil 2010). This segment, has violins as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

BGM Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Nandalaala
2011
Violins
Oboe
Piano

  1. The first 8 seconds has only the violin melody that serves as the background melody for the entire clip.
  2. The oboe joins the arrangement as a foreground instrument while the violins continue. Though the clip is 49 seconds long, there are only three CaRe arrangements between the Oboe and the flute in this length of time. Very relaxed playing of the foreground CaRe parts

The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background violin melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 6 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background violin melody in these 49 seconds.


Let’s hear the PolyCaRe  arrangement in the BGM of the film Nandalaala …

Sunday, July 2, 2017

Violin based PolyCaRe arrangements in 201x – interludes

We will continue the journey on PolyCaRe arrangements of Raja, with his compositions based on violins as the background melody instrument. In this post, we will particularly focus on his interlude compositions in the 201x. As we made it very clear in the definition, the PolyCaRe arrangement not only requires a background violin melody, it also requires at least two call and response melodies in the foreground played according to our rules of CaRe arrangements.

Let’s begin with the song ‘Auna Nuveena’ from Rudramadevi  (Telugu 2015). This segment, has violins as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Auna Nuveena
Rudramadevi 
2015
Violins
Guitar
Clarinet

  1. The first 2 seconds has only violins playing and these violins will turn out to be the background instruments for throughout the clip
  2. Between 2 and 24 seconds, the foreground CaRe arrangement is not perfect as per out rules. For the guitar call, there is a clarinet response and for the second time, you can only hear the response from the clarinet and there is no call from the guitar


The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background violin melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 3 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background  violin melody in these 22 seconds.

Let’s hear the PolyCaRe  arrangement in the song Auna Nuveena …


Let’s continue the journey with the song ‘Mugilo Megamo’  from Megha  (Tamil 2013). This segment, has violins as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Mugilo Megamo’  
Megha
2014
Violins
Guitar
Synthesizer

  1. Throughout this clip of 14 seconds, the violins play their melody in the background
  2. There are 8 CaRe melody arrangements in the foreground while the violins continue their play in the background. The call is made by the guitar and the response is by the synthesizer
  3. Perhaps, the densest PolyCaRe arrangement by Raja – 16 foreground melodies in 14 seconds


The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background violin melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 16 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background violin melody in these 14 seconds.

Let’s hear the super dense PolyCaRe  arrangement in the song Mugilo Megamo …



Both these songs have been orchestrated by Raja and played by the BSO in this decade. You can clearly see the high quality of the execution.

Friday, June 2, 2017

Pizzicato Strings based PolyCaRe arrangements in 198x - interludes

Pizzicato is a technique of playing violin not with a bow but plucking its strings with a finger. There are several songs where Raja has used this technique. Popular songs such as Maalaiyil Yaaro use this technique in its interludes.

We will continue the journey on PolyCaRe arrangements of Raja, with his compositions based on pizzicato strings as the background melody instrument. In this post, we will particularly focus on his interlude compositions in the 198x. As we made it very clear in the definition, the PolyCaRe arrangement not only requires a background pizzicato strings  melody, it also requires two call and response melodies in the foreground played according to our rules of CaRe arrangements.

Let’s begin with the song ‘Neela Kuyile’  from Magudi  (Tamil 1984). This segment, has pizzicato strings as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:


Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Neela Kuyile
Magudi 
1984
Pizzicato String
Solo Violin
Synthesizer


  1. The first 4 seconds is a dialog between the plucked strings and the short violin strokes. This is the background melody that plays throughout the clip
  2. Between 4 and 15 seconds, there are two CaRe arrangements, between the solo violin and the synthesizer. While this is going on, the background dialog continues.
  3. This is more than a PolyCaRe arrangement – it is a PolyCaReCaRe arrangement. Even the background melody is a CaRe! Only Raja can think of such crazy yet melodious arrangements for 15 seconds.

The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background synthesizer melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 4 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background pizzicato strings and violin melody in these 11 seconds.

Let’s hear the PolyCaRe CaRe arrangement in the song Neela Kuyile …

Tuesday, May 2, 2017

Veena based PolyCaRe arrangements in 198x – interludes

Veena is an unusual instrument to do the background for a polyphonic arrangement. However, we have seen Raja use this instrument in every possible situation that no longer it is possible to typecast this instrument with any genre.  We have also seen Raja use veena extensively as a part of his CaRe arrangements. In this post, we will discuss Raja compositions that have veena as the background instrument to his PolyCaRe arrangements.

In this post, we will particularly focus on his interlude compositions in the 198x. As we made it very clear in the definition, the PolyCaRe arrangement not only requires a background synthesizer  melody, it also requires two call and response melodies in the foreground played according to our rules of CaRe arrangements.

Let’s begin with the song ‘Kalise Prati Sandhyalo’  from Aalapana (Telugu 1985). This segment, has synthesizer as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Kalise Prati Sandhyalo’ 
Aalapana
1985
Veena
Sitar
Flute


This is one of the most unusual PolyCaRe arrangements you will hear of Raja.

  1. The first 2 seconds is a Indian melody played with the veena. This is the melody that continues throughout the clip as the background melody
  2. Between 3 and 10 seconds, the sitar joins in the foreground playing a counter melody, again and Indian one. Two Indian instruments playing Indian melody in counter. Please show me a composer who can do this!
  3. While all this is going on, between 5 and 10 seconds, if you pay close attention, the flute and the sitar is having a CaRe play while the veena continues in the background. Genius!
  4. The remaining parts of the clip have conventional CaRe in play between the veena and the flute


The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background synthesizer melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 4 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background synthesizer melody in these 7  seconds.

Let’s hear the stroke of PolyCare arrangement genius of Raja in the song Kalise Prati …


Let’s next focus on the interlude of the song ‘Unnai Kaanum Neram’ from Unnai Naan Sandhithaen (Tamil 1986).

This segment, has synthesizer as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Unnai Kaanum Neram
Unnai Naan Sandhithaen
1986
Veena
Violins
Flute


  1. The first three seconds are a veena play to set the background melody that plays throughout the clip
  2. Between 4 and 19 seconds, the violins and the flute do the CaRe play while the veena continues in the background


The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background synthesizer melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 3 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background synthesizer melody in these 19  seconds.

Let’s hear the  PolyCare arrangement in the song Unnai Kaanum Neram …

Sunday, April 2, 2017

Synthesizer based PolyCaRe arrangements in 198x – interludes

We will continue the journey on PolyCaRe arrangements of Raja, with his compositions based on synthesizer as the background melody instrument. In this post, we will particularly focus on his interlude compositions in the 198x. As we made it very clear in the definition, the PolyCaRe arrangement not only requires a background synthesizer  melody, it also requires two call and response melodies in the foreground played according to our rules of CaRe arrangements.

Let’s begin with the song ‘Agaaya Venilaave’  from Arangetra Velai  (Tamil 1989). This segment, has synthesizer as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:


Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Agaya vennilave
Arangetra Velai 
1989
Synthesizer
Guitar
Synthesizer


  1. The first 5 seconds is the synthesizer background only melody. This plays throughout the clip
  2. Between 6 and 18 seconds, there are 4 calls made by the guitar for which the synthesizer (not the background one) responds. The background synthesizer keeps playing its melody


The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background synthesizer melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 4 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background synthesizer melody in these 18 seconds.

Let’s hear the PolyCare arrangement of the near similar instrument choice in Agaya Vennilaave song…


We will next move interlude of the song  ‘Chinna Chinna’   from  ‘Mouna Ragam  (Tamil 1986). This segment, has synthesizer as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Chinna Chinna
Mouna Ragam
1986
Synthesizer
Chorus
Violins

The clip has two CaRe arrangements riding on a synthesizer in the background. It is very easy to identify the background synthesizer melody which repeats itself for the duration of the clip

  1. The foreground call is by the chorus for which the response is by the violins
  2. One of the beautiful arrangements in PolyCaRe by Raja, both the foreground and the background melodies can stand on their own based on their individual merit.


Let’s hear the creative PolyCare arrangement  in the song Chinna Chinna…



We will next move interlude of the song  ‘Enna Saththam’   from  ‘Punnagai Mannan’  (Tamil 1986). This segment, has synthesizer as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Enna Saththam
Punnagai Mannan
1986
Synthesizer
Guitar
Synthesizer

This is another beautiful PolyCaRe arrangement by Raja in the 80s and one needs to pay close attention as the way the composition works is as though Raja interleaves two counterpoints.

  1. For the first 3 seconds, the countermelody between the synthesizer and the guitar happens. If you do not continue , you will not understand the PolyCaRe in play
  2. Ignore the drumming. Between 3 and 9 seconds, the guitar makes the call and the synthesizer responds twice. The synthesizer melody continues in the background


This is an extremely clever arrangement, where interleaving two countermelodies creates a PolyCaRe arrangement. This is very special and the clip is worth a PhD in music as it is rare to find such composer’s work in the 21st century!

Let’s hear the  PolyCare stroke of genius  in the song Enna Saththam…


We will next move interlude of the song  ‘KanniL Enna Kaarkaalam’   from  ‘Un KanniL Neer Vazhindhaal’  (Tamil 1982). This segment, has synthesizer as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
KanniL Enna Kaarkaalam  
Un KanniL Neer Vazhindhaal
1985
Synthesizer
Synthesizer
Violins

  1. The first second is the background synthesizer melody that plays throughout the clip
  2. Between 2 and 17 seconds, there are 4 calls made by the synthesizer (foreground) for which the violins respond. The background synthesizer melody continues  as these foreground CaRe is in progress


The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background synthesizer melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 4 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background synthesizer melody in these 17 seconds.

Let’s hear the PolyCare arrangement of the near similar instrument choice in KanniL Enna Kaarkaalam   song…


We will next move interlude of the song  ‘Poon kaatrinodum ‘  from  ‘Poomukhappadiyil ninneyum kaathu ‘ (Malayalam 1985). This segment, has synthesizer as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Poon kaatrinodum
Un KanniL Neer Vazhindhaal
1985
Synthesizer
Violins
Synthesizer

‘Poon Kaatrinodum’ is a song that is more known for its brilliant bass lines.  However, there is segment in its interlude, where Raja does a synthesizer based PolyCaRe blast.

  1. Almost the first full second, you can hear the rapid fire synthesizer melody that continues throughout the clip as the background melody
  2. Between 2 and 12 seconds, the synthesizer makes the call and the violins respond. The background rapid synthesizer melody continues while the 4 CaRe parts perform in the foreground


The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background synthesizer melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 4 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background synthesizer melody in these 12 seconds.

Let’s hear the PolyCare arrangement of the near similar instrument choice in Poon Kaatrinodum’ song…


Lastly, in this section, we will analyze the  interlude of the song  ‘Vaanam Keezhe ‘  from  ‘Thoongathe Thambhi Thoongathe ‘ (Tamil  1985). This segment, has synthesizer as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Vaanam Keezhe
Thoongathe Thambhi Thoongathe
1985
Synthesizer
Sax
Synthesizer

This is an extremely complex composition that is hard to break apart and understand.

  1. You can easily separate the saxophone parts in this composition. The next part is the foreground synthesizer. The last part once you anchor your attention to the two parts, will be the constant synthesizer melody that repeats itself throughout the clip in the background
  2. There are three CaRe parts that happen in the foreground while the synthesizer plays its melody in the background.


Let’s hear the complex PolyCare arrangement of the near similar instrument choice in Vaanam Keezhe song…