Monday, October 2, 2017

Blog trivia

If you are visiting this site for the first time, it is important to read this post. The intention of this blog is to present arguments in a pre-determined sequence. OLDER posts are actually NEWER posts within a month. As I keep adding new posts I change the time stamp to an earlier time so that you can read the posts in sequence. If you notice, all the posts within a month have the same date. Only the time stamp varies. Newer posts have earlier time to help you read in sequence.

If this site interests you and you want to read the earlier months (I would recommend starting from month 1 before reading month 2) start from the earliest month. I have ensured that within a month the posts are sequenced properly.



Tech Notes

The flash player has been fully replaced with HTML5 embedded audio tags.

For those who read this blog regularly, please treat this as a little nuisance and continue reading.

Thanks

Ravi Natarajan

Violin based PolyCaRe arrangements in 199x – background scores

We will continue the journey on PolyCaRe arrangements of Raja, with his compositions based on violins as the background melody instrument. In this post, we will particularly focus on his background score compositions in the 199x. As we made it very clear in the definition, the PolyCaRe arrangement not only requires a background violin melody, it also requires at least two call and response melodies in the foreground played according to our rules of CaRe arrangements.

Let’s begin with the background score   from Aranmanai Kili  (Tamil 1993). This segment, has violins  as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

BGM Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Aranmanai Kili
1993
Violins
Violins
Synthesizer

  1. The first second is only the background violins which will play for the duration of the clip when the CaRe parts join later
  2. Between 2 and 16 seconds, there are three CaRe parts where the foreground violins play a melody for which the synthesizer responds. The background violins continue to play as this happens

The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background violin melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 6 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background violin melody in these 15 seconds.

Let’s hear the PolyCaRe  arrangement in the BGM of the film Aranmanai Kili …


Let’s continue the journey  with the background score   from Marupadiyum  (Tamil 1993). This segment, has violins as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

BGM Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Marupadiyum
1993
Violins
Piano
Guitar

  1. The 20 second clip has everything playing simultaneously and gives you no prep time for the background instrument
  2. It is easy to recognize the violins that play a repeated tune in the background throughout the 20 seconds
  3. The piano plays 6 different CaRe parts for which the guitar responds. You need to play the clip slowly to decipher the CaRe arrangement

The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background violin melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 12 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background violin melody in these 20 seconds.

Let’s hear the PolyCaRe  arrangement in the BGM of the film Marupadiyum …


Let’s conclude the 90s BGM journey  with the background score   from Singaravelan  (Tamil 1991). This segment, has violins as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

BGM Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Singaravelan
1991
Violins
Synth
Synthesizer

  1. The clip is 21 seconds long and the PolyCaRe parts end at 15 seconds. The last 6 seconds is a harmony play
  2. The background violins is easy to recognize. One of the synthesizers that play a slow melody starts off in the first 3 seconds or so and there is a fast distinctive synthesizer tone that responds to the call of the slow synthesizer melody
  3. There are 2 CaRe parts between 1 and 15 seconds where the two synthesizers take cart while the background violins continue

The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background violin melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 5 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background violin melody in these 15 seconds.

Let’s hear the PolyCaRe  arrangement in the BGM of the film Singaravelan …

Saturday, September 2, 2017

Violin based PolyCaRe arrangements in 199x – interludes

We will continue the journey on PolyCaRe arrangements of Raja, with his compositions based on violins as the background melody instrument. In this post, we will particularly focus on his interlude compositions in the 199x. As we made it very clear in the definition, the PolyCaRe arrangement not only requires a background violin melody, it also requires at least two call and response melodies in the foreground played according to our rules of CaRe arrangements.

Let’s begin with the song ‘Muthu Muthu’  from Periya Veetu Panakkaaran  (Tamil 1990). This segment, has violins as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Muthu Muthu
Periya Veetu Panakkaaran 
1990
Violins
Synthesizer
Flutes

This is a very unorthodox arrangement that is one of a kind from Raja. Most of his PolyCaRe compositions begin in one of two ways : a) the background melody starts playing first or b) all the parts start playing together – both foreground and background. This clip is unusual as it begins with the foreground component first. The foreground component will become the Call component of the CaRe part when the background melody starts playing.

  1. The first 3 seconds is only the foreground synthesizer playing, which is unusual. Why cant this be the background melody? It will be obvious when the other instruments join the mix
  2. Between 3 and 14 seconds,  the violins continue as the background instrument playing the same melody. You can notice that at 5 seconds, the flute answers the synthesizers call while the violins continue their melody. There are two CaRe parts between the synthesizer and the flute. The background melody however plays only for 11 seconds between 3 and 14 seconds

The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background violin melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 4 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background violin melody in these 14 seconds.

Let’s hear the different PolyCaRe  arrangement in the interlude  of the song  Muthu Muthu …


Let’s continue the journey with the song ‘Nila Kaayum Neram’  from Chembaruthi  (Tamil 1990). This segment, has violins as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Nila Kaayum Neram
Chembaruthi 
1990
Violins
Guitar x synth
Violins

  1. This song’s arrangement is quite complex though the end result sounds very simplistic. A number of things are happening in the orchestration that delivers the end result.
  2. The violins play in the background and the foreground. You need to hear the clip a few times to anchor your mind to the background violins. They play a very simple melody throughout these 13 seconds

The foreground CaRe is not just between two instruments but between 3 instruments. This is the reasons for its complexity. The guitar and synth (playing a flute tone) make the call for which the violins respond. This happens as the background violins continue their background melody

The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background violin melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 4 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background violin melody in these 13 seconds.

Let’s hear the complex PolyCaRe  arrangement in the interlude  of the song  Nila Kaayum Neram …


Let’s continue the journey with the song ‘Oru Mandarapoo’  from Chinna Jameen  (Tamil 1993). This segment, has violins as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Oru Mandarapoo
Chinna Jameen 
1993
Violins
Synthesizer
Flute

  1. The clip is for 10 seconds and there are several things going on within that time. The background violins play tremolo (these are short notes arranged in rapid succession between several  - at least 10 violins, to create a sense of tremble – you can hear the real tremble only when you hear a Raja orchestra live – recording techniques have not advanced enough to record this)
  2. The synthesizer plays a long melody for which the flute responds, followed by rapid CaRe arrangement for 3 more occurrences between the synthesizer and the flute

The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background violin melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 8 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background violin melody in these 10 seconds.

Let’s hear the complex PolyCaRe  arrangement in the interlude  of the song  Oru Mandarapoo …


Let’s continue the journey with the song ‘Rangulalo’   from Abhinandana  (Telugu  1990). This segment, has violins as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Rangulalo
Abhinandana
1990
Violins
Violins
Violins

  1. This is all complete violins play but very easy to identify both the foreground and the background violins. For the first 2 seconds, the background violins play staccato, and this will continue throughout the 7 seconds
  2. Between 2 and 7 seconds, there are 4 CaRe parts where violins playing a high note make the call and the violins playing a lower note respond (this could be a cello too)

The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background violin melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 8 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background violin melody in these 10 seconds.

Let’s hear the PolyCaRe  arrangement in the interlude  of the song  Rangulalo …


Lastly, in the 90s the journey , we will conclude with the song ‘Vandhadhe Kungumam’   from Kizhakku Vaasal  (Tamil   1990). This segment, has violins as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Vandhadhe Kungumam  
Kizhakku Vaasal
1990
Violins
Voices
Flute

  1. The first three seconds, you will hear the background violins playing waltz. This will continue for the entire 15 seconds of the clip
  2. Between 3 and 15 seconds, the voices (chorus) make the call, for which the flute responds 4 times. All this happens when the background waltz violins continue

The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background violin melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 8 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background violin melody in these 15 seconds.

Let’s hear the waltz PolyCaRe  arrangement in the interlude  of the song  Vandhadhe Kungumam …

Wednesday, August 2, 2017

Violin based PolyCaRe arrangements in 201x – background scores

We will continue the journey on PolyCaRe arrangements of Raja, with his compositions based on violins as the background melody instrument. In this post, we will particularly focus on his background score compositions in the 201x. As we made it very clear in the definition, the PolyCaRe arrangement not only requires a background violin melody, it also requires at least two call and response melodies in the foreground played according to our rules of CaRe arrangements.

Let’s begin with the background score  from Sri Rama Rajyam  (Telugu 2011). This segment, has violins as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

BGM Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Sri Rama Rajyam
2011
Violins
Clarinet
Flute

  1. The violins play on the background and the heavy bass does suppress it a bit throughout the clip
  2. There are 4 CaRe arrangements between the clarinet and the flute in the 14 seconds of this clip with the violin and the bass filling the background

The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background violin/bass  melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 8 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background violin melody in these 14 seconds.

Let’s hear the PolyCaRe  arrangement in the BGM of the film Sri Rama Rajyam …



Let’s continue the journey with  the background score  from Nandalaala  (Tamil 2010). This segment, has violins as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

BGM Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Nandalaala
2011
Violins
Oboe
Piano

  1. The first 8 seconds has only the violin melody that serves as the background melody for the entire clip.
  2. The oboe joins the arrangement as a foreground instrument while the violins continue. Though the clip is 49 seconds long, there are only three CaRe arrangements between the Oboe and the flute in this length of time. Very relaxed playing of the foreground CaRe parts

The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background violin melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 6 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background violin melody in these 49 seconds.


Let’s hear the PolyCaRe  arrangement in the BGM of the film Nandalaala …

Sunday, July 2, 2017

Violin based PolyCaRe arrangements in 201x – interludes

We will continue the journey on PolyCaRe arrangements of Raja, with his compositions based on violins as the background melody instrument. In this post, we will particularly focus on his interlude compositions in the 201x. As we made it very clear in the definition, the PolyCaRe arrangement not only requires a background violin melody, it also requires at least two call and response melodies in the foreground played according to our rules of CaRe arrangements.

Let’s begin with the song ‘Auna Nuveena’ from Rudramadevi  (Telugu 2015). This segment, has violins as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Auna Nuveena
Rudramadevi 
2015
Violins
Guitar
Clarinet

  1. The first 2 seconds has only violins playing and these violins will turn out to be the background instruments for throughout the clip
  2. Between 2 and 24 seconds, the foreground CaRe arrangement is not perfect as per out rules. For the guitar call, there is a clarinet response and for the second time, you can only hear the response from the clarinet and there is no call from the guitar


The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background violin melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 3 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background  violin melody in these 22 seconds.

Let’s hear the PolyCaRe  arrangement in the song Auna Nuveena …


Let’s continue the journey with the song ‘Mugilo Megamo’  from Megha  (Tamil 2013). This segment, has violins as its background instrument. Here is how the segment is structured:

Song
Film
Year
Background instrument
CaRe - Instrument1
CaRe - Instrument2
Mugilo Megamo’  
Megha
2014
Violins
Guitar
Synthesizer

  1. Throughout this clip of 14 seconds, the violins play their melody in the background
  2. There are 8 CaRe melody arrangements in the foreground while the violins continue their play in the background. The call is made by the guitar and the response is by the synthesizer
  3. Perhaps, the densest PolyCaRe arrangement by Raja – 16 foreground melodies in 14 seconds


The foreground melodies can stand on their own feet as simple CaRe arrangement. The background violin melody makes them polyphonic and hence PolyCaRe. There are 16 foreground melodies playing on top of the constant background violin melody in these 14 seconds.

Let’s hear the super dense PolyCaRe  arrangement in the song Mugilo Megamo …



Both these songs have been orchestrated by Raja and played by the BSO in this decade. You can clearly see the high quality of the execution.